Choose an event from the places and periods we have discussed in the past two weeks.

 Hello Time Travelers:
For this forum you are to act as a time traveler and report back on the things that you have experienced through your travels so far. Choose an event from the places and periods we have discussed in the past two weeks. As a time traveler your job is to observe but not interfere and not pass judgement on the civilization you are exploring. Your purpose will be to provide a first hand account of the event to report back to the present. Your report must be accurate and it must be well researched.
How to be successful in this post:
Choose two credible sources other than your textbook to provide you with information. If you use websites as sources be very careful of the types of websites you choose and make sure the information is credible.
Your report must be accurate and provide detail and specifics. The initial post must be 250 words and it must include citations for all information that is used from your research sources. This is a required part of all research writing.
**Subject will be the rise of the Mali Empire mid thirteenth century**

How did the mississippian and hopewell cultures foster trade and connections between different groups?

 
Why was there so many differences in the types of settlement in North America? How did the Mississippian and Hopewell cultures foster trade and connections between different groups? Why do you think the mound-building culture came to dominate the southeast?

Islamic religion relates to judaism and christianity in several ways.

 Question:
How is Islam related to the other Abrahamic faiths such as Judaism and Christianity? How were Christianity and Judaism treated by Muslims in early Islamic society? Why do you think they fostered toleration while giving Muslims a greater sense of community? 
Answer:
Hey everyone, 
The Islamic religion was unearthed with the struggles from the Prophet Muhammed believing the tribes and its noblemen were not upholding their positions in society. Muhammed set forth with his wife, Khadija, who became the first to convert to Islam, and established the Islamic religion. Islamic religion relates to Judaism and Christianity in several ways. They believed the morals and responsibilities of the communities and individuals should be to worship God. As discussed in Britannica.com, Islam, major world religion promulgated by the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the 7th century CE. The Arabic term islām, literally “surrender,” illuminates the fundamental religious idea of Islam—that the believer (called a Muslim, from the active particle of islām) accepts surrender to the will of Allah (in Arabic, Allāh: God). With the Islamic religion, Muslims believed in God, also known as Allah, in Arabic, just as Jewish and Christians faiths believed in God. Christians and Jews were accepted by the early Islamic society as their beliefs somewhat aligned with Muslims. Unlike the pagans, who were forced to choose between the Islamic faith or death, the Christians and Jewish communities were allowed to withhold their beliefs and labeled as the “People of the Book”.
Chris
Rahman, F. , Schimmel, . Annemarie and Mahdi, . Muhsin S. (2022, August 17). Islam. Encyclopedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Islam

What influence did judaism and christianity have on the development of this kingdom?

Question:
 
How did Aksum differ from the kingdoms along the Trans-Saharan trade routes? What influence did Judaism and Christianity have on the development of this kingdom? Why do you think Islam never took root here when it became so popular in other parts of Africa?
Answer:
Hello Class, 
What made Aksum stand out from the rest of the Kingdoms was their own coinage and language. They also had rich soil which helped their agriculture. This enabled the kingdom to succesfully harvest a vareity of cultivation and trade it through their trading empire. 
Queen Mekeda converted to Judaism after being mentored by King Solomon who was the Jerusalems King. Though it is said that King Solomon tricked Queen Mekeda to sleep with him which resulted in pregnancy and the birth of Menilek I. King Solomon wanted him to follow him and take over as King but Menilek refused and returned to Ethiopia. On his way back he stole the Arc of the Covenant and ended up starting the Ethopian Orthodox Church after defeating King Solomons attempt in getting it back. 
I dont think Islam had many roots here due to the constant influence of Christianity from the merchants, monks, missionaries, etc. that flowed in and out of the Kingdom because of the trading routes. This was happening for centuries before the official declaration of Christianity being the state of religion in the 4th Century.
– Gabby
“The Kingdom of Aksum.” National Geographic Society, https://education.nationalgeographic.org/resource/kingdom-aksum.
Reeves, Andrew, et al. “Chapter 8.” World History: Cultures, States, and Societies to 1500, University Press of North Georgia, 2016.

What do you see as the purpose of a museum in today’s world?

Scholars in many disciplines (anthropology, history, sociology, education, cultural studies, to name a few) study the history, meaning, and operation of museums.  Your readings in the class represent a tiny sampling of this wide range of work.   Based on what you have read, what kinds of things do scholars debate about museums?  Why is there differing opinions about the role of museums in society?  What arguments have been made about museums and the public?  Which argument do you agree with, any why?   How do you understand the role of a museum has changed with time?  What do you see as the purpose of a museum in today’s world?
I have the sources
each question must be answered from the sources with citations
so must include 3 debates
Benjamin Ives Gilman, “Museum Fatigue” in The Scientific Monthly Vol. 2, No.1 Jan 1916 
Steven Conn, “Naked Eye Science”

Discuss the political systems of athens and sparta.

 Question:
Discuss the political systems of Athens and Sparta. Why was there such a wide difference between the two city-states? How did the treatment of women differ between Athens and Sparta? Which do you believe gave their citizens more freedom and participation in government 
Answer: 
Good evening class,
Both Athens and Sparta had very different political views. Athens had the view that they would be a very open and mostly free political system. They believed that Athenians were their own rulers. They debated and made laws based on an assembly or gathering and everyone had a voice or opinion, much like a democracy. The Athenians did have duties, however. They had to serve in the military, pay taxes, obey laws and regulations, and even serve on the jury for legal matters. If an Athenian broke a law, many times they could be ostracized.
The Spartans, however had a different way to run things. Their main goal was to have a strong army, and the way they accomplished this was by forcing every male to join. At birth, babies that were seen as unfit for duty would be left for dead. At age 7, boys would leave home to live in the barracks. During this time, they would train, they would make their own clothes, feed themselves, and learn to really fend for themselves. At age 20, they left for the army. They would most of the time get married at this age as well, although they had to stay in the barracks until age 30, while their wives would stay home and take care of everything. They would then stay in the army until age 60, and when they had to go to battle, they would leave without any question. This made them the fiercest army at that time.
They both also had very different views on how they treated their women. Since the Spartans were gone at war all of the time, the women were in charge of most things. Although they could not vote or hold any kind of office, they could own land and attend court. They owned the majority of land in Sparta and married at 18 years old, which was older than most other Greek women. Spartan women were actually known for standing up to their husbands, and husbands would always obey their wives. The Athenians were the complete opposite though, as women were expected to stay home and cook, clean, and wove cloth. If men had guests over, the women would hide and not be seen. If women left the house, they had to be completely covered up. 
I definitely believe that Athenians let their citizens participate in government more and gave them more freedom. Aside from having a strong army, the Spartans were pretty controlled, and their life was known to be bland.
Best regards,
Chance

How did these wars change roman society and colonization?

Question:
 What was the reasoning behind the Punic Wars? How did these wars change Roman society and colonization? Why are these wars seen as a pivotal turning point in Roman development? 
 Answer:
Professor and Classmates,
The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage, with many of the traditional reasons contributing to the wars. The First Punic War was created by a crisis that broke out on the western coast of Sicily. The city of Messana was attacked, who then requested the support from both Rome and Carthage. Carthage, a superior naval force, was the first to respond. Rome, not to be outdone, continued to build its forces and destabilize the region; thus provoking war. 
The Second Punic War was again created by destabilization in the region and due to the retaliatory actions of the Carthaginian general Hannibal Barca. The general seemingly attempted to compensate for the loss of the first war and Sicilian territory; moved into Spain in order to be positioned to wage wars/battles against Saguntum, a Roman ally. Rome objected and pushed Carthage hand over Hannibal. The Carthaginian senate was unwilling to do so and this refusal started the Second Punic War. 
The Third Punic war basically started due to a perceived threat to Rome’s security. Carthage, after paying restitutions to Rome for 50 years per their treaty, started a war against the  neighboring state Numidia. Rome marked these actions as a threat and sent an envoy to Carthage to attempt to dismantle their city. Roman troops continued to wage war on the city and after many days, Carthage surrendered. 
These wars facilitated the overall expansion of Rome. They went from what could be perceived as a small fledgling city to a supreme super power of the time. Rome would eventually fall but not until 476 CE, hundreds of years later. Additionally, these wars can be seen as the turning point in Rome’s overall advancements in many areas. Specifically in Naval warfare, wealth, and other military training. This training enabled Rome’s Armies to eventually take lands and build wealth for the nation, becoming what many consider one of the greatest empires that ever existed. 
Britannica, T. Editors of Encyclopaedia. “Punic Wars.” Encyclopedia Britannica, October 3, 2022. https://www.britannica.com/event/Punic-Wars
Mark, J. 2018. Punic Wars. https://www.worldhistory.org/Punic_Wars/ 

How did the classical ideals of humanism, realism, and idealism influence athenian society?

 
Why did Pericles promote Athens as the ideal Classical polis and encourage the innovations of philosophers, architects, and artists? How did the Classical ideals of humanism, realism, and idealism influence Athenian society? Why do you think that these ideals were not accepted as readily in places such as Sparta?