Discussion post 1

Few concepts seem to be more embraced by most people than that of the “level playing field.” Yet the notion of reasonable accommodation in providing services for students with disabilities continues to be controversial, especially in higher education.
What is “reasonable accommodation?” Who should decide, and based on what ‘evidence?’ Craft a response that reflects your point of view, and respond to at least 2 other posts. Provide a research finding that support your point of view. Remember to cite your resources.
Please post your main post by the due date stated in Course Schedule, and remember to respond to two other people’s postings by the end of the module. You must check back this forum frequently to respond to any questions your classmates/professor may have for you in regard to your posts.
Your main post should be substantive – at least 200 words, not including the Discussion questions or references. Each discussion response/reply to me or others must have a minimum of 125 words, spell checked, well written and citing references in support of arguments. Active participation is required.
In your reply to others: You could include additional research info (don’t just share a website link, explain what you found, summarize the info, and then share the website link), or, provide a few suggestions based on the class reading/additional reading, or explain why you agree or disagree with your classmate. Always provide at least ONE citation from the reading to ‘support’ your discussion.
Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), educational institutions must provide “reasonable accommodations” to enable students with disabilities to have an equal opportunity to participate in an academic program, typically by adjusting or modifications to the academic environment, application process, or educational curriculum (Staff, 2022). These accommodations may include physical accessibility, such as ramps and automatic doors; audio-visual aids, such as closed captioning and American Sign Language interpreters; or auxiliary aids, such as Braille displays or text enlargements (Staff, 2022). Reasonable accommodation would also include extra time, someone to read, or a quiet place for an exam. These accommodations help individuals achieve their academic goals to their full potential.
Reasonable accommodation should be decided by the teachers, staff, and parents who work directly with the student. These teachers and staff members should be qualified to decide what would work best for this student. For accommodations to be considered “reasonable,” they must not impose an undue hardship on the institution providing them (Staff, 2022). These accommodation types are based on the child’s disability and how they perform in a school setting. The child will be observed a couple of times in a classroom by a staff member to see what accommodation they need.
Staff. (2022). What Are Reasonable Accommodations for Students With Disabilities? Retrieved from Education Attorney: https://educationattorney.com/what-are-reasonable-accommodations-for-students-with-disabilities/
Reasonable accommodations are meant to remedy the impact of a certain disability. Some reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities can be extended time for tests, having questions read aloud, having a teacher or tutor present for tests, or changing the setting. The people that decide what constitutes a reasonable accommodation should be members of the Individual Educational Program (IEP) team. The members of the IEP can be trusted to provide the right accommodation for the student with a disability. In high stakes testing procedures, the student will have the best outcomes if their IEP is followed, and they have reasonable accommodations in place. Accommodations are meant to address a specific area of impairment and they will vary depending on the disability. They are not the same for every disability and therefore are subject to the IEP team’s knowledge of the individual.
“The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) of 2004 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 mandate the consideration and use of needed accommodations to “level the playing field” between students with disabilities and those without” (Harrison et al., 2013, p.551-552). Educators are expected to intervene and provide reasonable accommodations or modifications so students can become proficient in academic standards. Harrison et al., (2013) state the “No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 requires that students with disabilities participate in statewide assessments, with accommodations as needed” (p. 554). The students with disabilities do not get to be exempt from taking statewide assessments. Therefore, teachers are required to find the right accommodations to prepare students for high stakes testing. There are no specific guidelines in IDEIA that provide teachers with instructions on how to modify tests or lessons to meet the needs of students with disabilities. There is no law that explains what reasonable accommodation is and how to implement it. This leaves the discrepancy up to the IEP team and the school district. Studies show that schools spend more than three times the cost of education for a student with a disability than one without a disability (Harrison et al., 2013). However, this is not improving their scores on statewide assessments. Students with EBD (Emotional and Behavioral Disorders) and ADHD have trouble scoring well on standardized tests even with reasonable accommodations. To truly level the playing field, I think standardized tests should be reexamined or some students should have the right to be exempt from taking them.

Harrison, J. R., Bunford, N., Evans, S. W., & Owens, J. S. (2013). Educational accommodations for students with behavioral challenges: A systematic review of the literature. Review of Educational Research, 83(4), 551–597. http://www.jstor.org/stable/24434222

Describe the approach you would use in your intervention at all levels of walter’s system including individual, family, school, community, social support systems, and society.

For this Assignment, you will explore issues related to bi-cultural children and families. Begin by reading Walter’s Case Study, and consider how you would assist both Walter and his parents.
Please answer the following:
As a bicultural child, what are some of the challenges and injustices Walter is experiencing and may experience as he transitions into adulthood?
How can you help both Walter and his parents draw on their individual and cultural strengths to creatively address these life challenges?
Cross-cultural work with bicultural families should employ strategies that focus on developing positive feelings about membership in both parents’ groups. Discuss how you would teach Walter’s parents to confront devaluing or mixed racial messages, freeing children from racialized loyalty binds, and have open and direct conversations about race.
Describe the approach you would use in your intervention at all levels of Walter’s system including individual, family, school, community, social support systems, and society.
Link to textbook https://login.vitalsource.com/?redirect_uri=https%3A%2F%2Fbookshelf.vitalsource.com%2Fuser%2Fsignin&brand=bookshelf.vitalsource.com
the login information will be provided for assigned writer.

First, watch the accompanying video to get each side’s perspective on the issue.

The purpose of this topic is for you to have the opportunity to role-play an actual negotiation session with the goal of developing a collective bargaining agreement. The specific topic to be negotiated is related to employee safety.
In this topic, the instructor will divide the class into two teams. One team will represent management and the other will represent labor.
Note: The groups will be switched in Module Five for a similar activity to give students a chance to represent each side.
First, watch the accompanying Video to get each side’s perspective on the issue.
Your instructor has provided a rough framework Word Document of a collective bargaining agreement in the resources section for this module that provides some detail on the issue and how the agreement is currently worded. This will serve as the starting point for your negotiations. After watching the video, each team should immediately research the topic and use the discussion topic to collaboratively craft the language in the agreement to favor their position. This initial language must be posted by Thursday of this week at the latest. Then, teams should begin using the discussion topic as a negotiating platform and role-play a dialogue with the opposing side in order to come to an agreement on the specific language required in the agreement. The object is to rewrite the agreement with wording that addresses the issue in a way that each side is satisfied with the gains and concessions. The collective agreement is a legal contract and should be written with language that reflects that style document.

Please review and resubmit.

Per my professor – Hi Jasmine, I wasn’t sure if you are familiar with Turnitin for originality. Your essay is detailed specific to the chosen culturally diverse ethnic group, African Americans. I would like for you to take a look at the attachment of your essay with Turnitin scores. Some of the information in your essay should be a direct quote since it’s not summarized or paraphrased. Please review and resubmit. I have not graded it yet; I want you to review it again and make changes or add quotes when taken from the text directly.
May you edit and correct the issues that my professor stated as well make changes to the paper if needed to make it flow better. Thank you
The resources are at the bottom of the page.
Link to textbook. https://bookshelf.vitalsource.com/reader/books/9781337670548/pageid/0

I paid for 2 pages to start but i can add more if needed.

The course is Trauma Informed Care and the paper is on cultural humility and resiliency. I attached the rubric and instructions along with a corresponding PowerPoint and the text that is used in the class. The paper is to be 2-4 pages in length and double-spaced. I paid for 2 pages to start but I can add more if needed. I assume APA would be the proper format to use however, there is no need to include citations or references since the paper should be mostly based on a subjective view. The paper should be written as though the author will one day be employed in a practice that implements trauma-informed care. Please reach out with any questions.

Write a two-page summary of your reactions to the film and how the film relates to concepts presented in this class.

Film Review
Blank journal and penWatch a film that focuses on problems related to people with physical disabilities or health disorders (examples include My Left Foot, Children of a Lesser God; The Miracle Worker). You may write about one of the films listed under the Case Study section of this module. Write a two-page summary of your reactions to the film and how the film relates to concepts presented in this class. Please do not summarize the film – I’m interested in YOUR reactions and reflections about the portrayal of the character with an exceptionality.

Completion checkbox for M5 Learning Activity Review
Learning Activity Review
Bound journalsYou are expected to provide a brief summary, in your own words, of each assigned learning activity AND a summary of an additional journal article, chosen by you, that relates to a topic of your choice within each module.
You may find the journal articles through the ESC library. A peer review journal is one where any article being submitted that is the result of research or a theoretical proposal must go through a review process. This article is sent by the editors of the journal to 2-3 professionals (peers) with expertise in the same content area. Only if the article is considered to make a new and accurate contribution to the field will it be accepted for publication. You often hear about information from these articles, such as those from The New England Journal of Medicine through secondary sources, such as broadcasters or professionals; but to read the articles, you would need to access the journal. If the information is being presented orally in professionally regulated conferences, the proposal for the presentation must also go through a similar peer review process before being accepted. In this way a field polices itself by making sure as much as possible, that information that is treated as knowledge is accurate.
The summary of each chapter or article should be no longer than a paragraph–at least aim for that length. The summary can take many forms, but it must have something of you in it. I do not want just the words from the book or article; I want to see the process of your understanding. What do you think about the reading? Does it ring true for you, or do you disagree? Can you apply it to anything in your own life or experiences?
Learning Activity Review (3 readings):
Chapter 13 in Human Exceptionality: School, Community and Family
Chapter 14 in Human Exceptionality: School, Community and Family
Journal article of your choice related to this module
Coping With Chronic Illness. Medline Plus. Date last updated: 02 May 2008
Hearing Loss and Deafness. Honig, Alice Sterling. Child Development. Ed. Neil J. Salkind. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2002. 177-181. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. Empire State College SUNY. 5 May.
Blindness and Visual Impairments.” Lichanska, Agnieszka M. The Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. Vol. 1. 3rd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 572-573. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. Empire State College SUNY. 5 May.
Not Fade Away: One Man’s Journey into Blindness.

Discuss what it means for a human service professional to experience burnout and compassion fatigue.

In the helping profession, an intervention can be described as an action taken, a service provided, or a treatment technique used in an attempt to alleviate a problem. Clients/families come to human service professionals seeking help for all different types of reasons. The human service professional gathers information and uses that information to identify interventions that can help to alleviate the problem. The passion and desire that human service professionals have for helping others can be stressful and many times human service professionals vicariously experience their clients’ problems and this can take a toll on the human service professional; therefore, it is essential that human service professionals be resilient themselves. Please use the assigned readings and use the Library to research peer-reviewed studies to support your post.
Please respond to the following:
Discuss what it means for a human service professional to experience burnout and compassion fatigue.
What are some interventions a human service professional can utilize to reduce the risk of burnout and compassion fatigue as well as promote personal resilience?
1. Peer-reviewed studies
2. Walsh, F. (2017). Strengthening Family Resilience (3rd ed.). New York, The Guilford Press.

Explain at least 3 strategies

Case Scenario: You have just been hired to serve as the Program Manager of a local agency that provides youth development services. There are 4 staff members who will be reporting to you. In the first team meeting that you host, people were very hesitant to speak and you noticed there was tension in the room. When meeting with staff individually, one person explains that she feels the work culture at the agency is “toxic.” Another member admitted that the team consistently misses deadlines and submits late reports. Lastly, all 4 staff indicate that there is persistent gossiping within the department.
Please answer the following questions to outline how you will address the concerns of the team.

In Your Essay Include:
What specific strategies will you take to help build a “high performance” team?
Explain at least 3 strategies
Harley-McClaskey (2017) stated, “Leadership is built around relationships, and trust is the foundation of every relationship” (p.88). What specific methods would you use to improve trust among your team members?
Describe at 3 least methods
Describe the difference between a manager and a leader