300 words minimum
1) Read the three YAWP readings – links provided below. 
 Letter of Cato and Petition by “the negroes who obtained freedom by the late act,” in Postscript to the Freeman’s Journal, September 21, 1781 | The American Yawp Reader 
 Thomas Jefferson’s Racism, 1788 | The American Yawp Reader 
 Black scientist Benjamin Banneker demonstrates Black intelligence to Thomas Jefferson, 1791 | The American Yawp Reader 
2) Read Thomas Jefferson’s response letter to Benjamin Banneker, link provided.  Thomas Jefferson to Benjamin Banneker – Thomas Jefferson | Exhibitions – Library of Congress (loc.gov) 
3) Read the “Meaning of Race” on pages 171 – 174 of the US History online text.
4) Within the Constitution, which can be found toward the back of your textbook, Read Article I, Section 2, Clause 3; Article I, Section 9, Clause 1; and Article IV, Section 2, Clause 3. 
Of the first 18 presidents of the U.S., 12 either owned slaves or came from slave owning families. Supreme Court Justices owned slaves. Congressmen, governors, and other local and military leaders owned slaves.
By 1787, the year the Constitution was written, the United States had been using slave labor to build the economy for 168 years. 
Using the instructions above, the provided learning materials, and your own research:
Prepare an original discussion post that follows the “IDCQ + Curiosity” framework:
1. Important – What do you think is the most important thing to remember from the assigned sources? Why? What struck you about it? Be specific.
2. Disagree – With which ideas do you disagree? Why? What struck you about it? Be specific.
3. Connection – What connection did you make with your current or past experience or from events discussed in this class? Be specific.
4. Question – What questions arose while you were going through the assigned resources? Be specific.

How would carl schurz (former german revolutionary and republican senator from missouri) may have viewed cartoon from the philadelphia inquirer in 1898.

How would Carl Schurz (Former German revolutionary and Republican Senator from Missouri) may have viewed Cartoon from the Philadelphia Inquirer in 1898. [Public Domain via Wikimedia]

What were those reasons?

1)  Although Reform Judaism began in Germany, it quickly spread to the U.S.  Why were American Jews eager to embrace Reform Judaism?  Did it serve as an antidote to assimilation?  Explain your answer.
2)   Compare the immigrant experiences of the German Jews in the mid-19th century with that of the Eastern European Jews in the early 20th century.  What were some of the similarities and differences between them?  Although they both, for the most part, abandoned traditional religious observances, they did it for different reasons.  What were those reasons?
3)   The famous black author, Richard Wright, once wrote: “All of us black people hated Jews, not because they exploited us but because we had been taught at home and in Sunday school that Jews were ‘Christ-killers.”’ At the same time, blacks realized that Jews were not like other whites. They treated blacks much better than other whites, and even when they did own slaves, they treated them much more humanely.”   How do you explain the above dichotomy?
4)   “There is no hope for Israel in Russia.  The salvation of the downtrodden people lies in other parts, in a land beyond the seas, which knows no distinction of race or faith, which is a mother to Jew and Gentile alike.  In the great republic is our redemption from the brutalities and ignominies to which we are subjected in this birthplace.  In America we shall find rest’ the stars and stripes will wave over the true home of our people.”
The quotation above makes America sound like a garden of Eden but was it really true both at the time it was written, circa 1905, and is it true today?   Defend your answer using specific historical evidence.
5)  “The Jew saw them all, survived them all, and is now what he always was, exhibiting no decadence, no infirmities of age, no weakening of his parts, no slowing of his energies, no dulling of his alert but aggressive mind. All things are mortal but the Jews; all other forces pass, but he remains. What is the secret of his immortality?
— Mark Twain, American Author (1835-1910), “Concerning the Jews” Harpers Magazine March 1898
How would you answer Mark Twain’s questions?

What was the impact and limitations of the emancipation proclamation?

Into the Fire (1861-1896)
https://fod-infobase-com.ecsu1891.idm.oclc.org/p_ViewVideo.aspx?xtid=58759&tScript=0 (Films on Demand, use your ECSU login)
What was the impact and limitations of the Emancipation Proclamation?
Who is the United States Color Troops and what impact did they have on the Civil War?
What are contrabands?

What were the most important social issues in the united states between 1865-1910? 

Using at least three module sources (lectures, readings, videos), answer the following question in 250-300 words. 
What were the most important social issues in the United States between 1865-1910? 
Consider some of the following: 
economic conditions 
civil liberties 
labor changes 
Your issue should make an argument about why the social issues you chose were important, whom/what was affected, and some of their causes and attempted solutions. You should include specific details from at least three sources.  (Lectures, readings, videos), answer the following question in 250-300 words. 
Sources you MUST USE:
Chapter 15-  BiblioViewer – Building the American Republic, Volume 1 (bibliopen.org)
Chapter 1 –   BiblioViewer – Building the American Republic, Volume 2 (bibliopen.org) 
Chapter 2 –  BiblioViewer – Building the American Republic, Volume 2 (bibliopen.org) 
NPR (read or listen) –   American Indian Boarding Schools Haunt Many : NPR 
Video – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fygjGXnaV9w&feature=youtu.be